厦门大学本科课程教学大纲

课程名称

动物生理学及实验

课程代码

150110010012

英文

类别代号

BIOL:

授课对象

生命科学各专业

适用年级

大三

课程类型

专业方向课程

课程课型

理论课+实验课

总学分

总学时

授课

讨论

实验/上机

实践

其他

3

62

30


32



先修课程

普通生物学

一、课程简介

动物生理学是生命科学相关专业的主干课程。理论课主要帮助同学理解动物和人体的基本形态和结构,掌握神经肌肉生理的基本理论和基本概念,掌握动物和人体各系统(消化、循环、血液、呼吸、排泄、内分泌和神经系统)的生理功能及其调节机制,掌握动物和人体各系统(消化、循环、血液、呼吸、排泄、内分泌和神经系统)的生理功能及其调节机制。了解生理学的进展及其应用。实验课主要是学习和掌握动物生理学的基本实验技术和方法,帮助同学掌握生理学的基本理论和基本概念。

二、培养目标

课程结束后,同学们基本获取如下技能:

掌握动物生理学的基本理论和基本概念,了解动物生理学的研究内容和发展概况。了解动物生理学研究的基本手段和基本方法,掌握动物生理活动的基本过程和调节机制。培养动物生理学的学习和研究思路。为将来从事动物学和生理学的进一步学习和研究打下坚实的基础。   

掌握动物生理学实验的基本手段和方法;掌握动物生理实验的基本手术过程和技术;掌握对动物各系统,包括神经、肌肉、血液循环、呼吸等生理活动的观察、记录、分析等技术;能够设计并进行具有综合性质的实验。

三、教学方法

授课+实验


四、主要内容及学时安排

章(或节)

主要内容

学时安排


理论课部分


1

绪论

1

2

细胞膜的转运机能

1

3

神经的兴奋与传导

2

4

兴奋在神经肌肉之间的传递

1

5

骨骼肌的兴奋与收缩

1

6

神经系统的基本原理

2

7

神经系统的运动机能

2

8

神经系统的感觉机能

3

9

神经系统的高级机能

1

10

消化系统

2

11

血液

1

12

循环系统

3

13

呼吸系统

2

14

排泄系统

2

15

能量代谢和体温调节

1

16

内分泌系统

3

17

复习,考试

2


实验课部分


1

实验安全教育、绪论,生理实验信号采集系统的使用

4

2

刺激强度、频率与骨骼肌收缩的关系

4

3

神经干动作电位的测定

4

4

期前收缩和代偿间歇

4

5

蛙心灌注

4

6

家兔的呼吸运动的调节

6

7

家兔减压神经放电


6

合计

62

五、考核方式与要求

考试+考查

成绩由理论课成绩(70%)和实验成绩(占30%)组成。其中理论课部分,平时考查30%,期末考试占70%平时考查成绩由课堂考勤、课堂测验、课后作业等构成。

六、选用教材

动物生理学(第四版),陈守良,北京大学出版社,2012,实验课:自编教材

七、参考书目与文献

动物生理学,杨秀平主编,北京:高等教育出版社,2002,动物生理学实验教程,金天明主编,清华大学出版社,2012

八、课程网站等支持条件


九、其它信息


大纲制定者:  王重刚    大纲审定者:    大纲制定时间:20180110


XMU Undergraduate Course Syllabus

Course name

 Animal Physiology & Experiment

Course code


Category code

BIOL:

Programme

Each major of life science

Semester

Semester 1, Year 3

Course type

Basic Common Courses□General Education Courses □Disciplinary General CoursesSpecialized Courses

Other Teaching Processes

Course focus

LectureExperiment

Skill-training □Practical

Credit

Total learning hours

Lecture

Tutorial

Experiment

Practical

Others

3

62

30

0

32

0

0

Prerequisites

General Biology

1.Course description

 Animal physiology is a major course in life science. In the theory lessons, themain goals are to study the basic morphology and structure of animal and human, to understand the basic theory and concepts concerning neuromuscular physiology, and the physiology of each system such as digestion, circulation, blood, breath, excretion, endocrine and nervous system in animal and human, to comprehend their regulating mechanism, and to know the progress of the physiology and its application.In the experimental lessons, the main goalsare to learn and master the basic researching technology and methods about animal physiology, and to further understand the basic theory and concepts in physiology.


2. Learning goals

 After studying of this course, students should master the basic theories and concepts in animal physiology, should know the research content and the development of animal physiology,should understand the basic studying methods of physiology, to master the basic process of physiological action and regulating mechanism, building a solid foundation for further studying physiology.

 After the experimental lessons, student should know the basic researching technology and methods about animal physiology. Everyone should be familiar with the observing, recording and analyzing methods of each systemic physiology, including the nerves, muscles, blood circulation, respiration, and other physiological activities, and able to design and carry outsome comprehensive experiments.

3.Teaching approaches

Theory course with experiments


4. Content outline of the course

Chapter(Section)

Content

Learning hours


Theory course


1

Introduction

1

2

The transfer function of the cell membrane

1

3

Nerve excitement and conduction

2

4

Transmission of excitation between nerves and muscles

1

5

Excitation and contraction of skeletal muscle

1

6

The basic principle of the nervous system

2

7

The motor function of the nervous system

2

8

The Sensory function of the nervous system

3

9

The Advanced function of the nervous system

1

10

Digestive system

2

11

Blood

1

12

Circulatory system  

3

13

Respiratory system

2

14

Excretory system  

2

15

Energy metabolism and thermoregulation

1

16

Endocrine system

3

17

The final exam

2


Experimental course


1

Introduction: The use of physiological signal acquisition system

4

2

The relationship between stimulus intensity, frequency and contraction of skeletal muscle

4

3

 Determination of action potential of nerve stem

4

4

Premature systole and compensatory pause

4

5

Frog heart perfusion

4

6

Regulation of respiratory movement in rabbits

6

7

The depressor nerve discharge in rabbits

6

Total

62

5. Assessmentmethods and requirements

The test and check: results by the theory result (70%) and the experiment result (30%). The theory part, usually check accounted for 30%, final exam account for 70%. Usually test results are composed of the class attendance, classroom test and homework, etc.

6.Textbooks

Chen Shouliang, Animal physiology (4th edition), Peking University press,  2012

Experiment course: the self-made teaching material

7.References

xiu-ping Yang Ed., Animal physiology, ,Beijing: higher education press, 2002,

Jin Tianming editor, animal physiology experiment tutorial, tsinghua university press, 2012

8.Website


9.Others


Filled out by:  WANG Chonggang     Approved by:          Date: 20180110